एर्गोनॉमिक्स जर्नल

एर्गोनॉमिक्स जर्नल
खुला एक्सेस

आईएसएसएन: 2165-7556


Precarious Work and Poor Occupational Health: A Cross Sectional Study in Luxembourg

Nicole Majery1*, Jemima Wangata Shadi1,2, Paula Camelia Trandafir3

Background: In the literature, an increase in precarious work in Luxembourg as well as in other countries has been associated to poor health. Therefore, the Occupational Health Physicians of the “Service de Santé au Travail Multisectoriel” (STM), taking into account the ample financial support given during unemployment in Luxembourg, compared the health and lifestyle data of precarious workers to those with stable work.

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 1472 workers (910 in stable and 562 in precarious work), who were examined at the STM in 2019. Lifestyle and health were self-reported by the workers. The qualitative variables (frequencies and percentage) related to demographic, health, lifestyle and employment factors were analyzed in each group. Pearson’s chi-square test was used to compare both groups and multivariate logistic regression to evaluate the associations between health issues (cardiovascular, mental health, Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD)) and employment contract type.

Results: As far as lifestyle is concerned, there were significant differences found in age, tobacco smoking, type of work, and mental health disorders between the two groups. Precarious workers had a higher prevalence of poor health throughout the entire sample. As for mental health disorders, the prevalence was significantly higher in precarious vs. stable work (8.5% vs. 4.1%, p<0.0001). On the other hand, the difference was not significant in both groups for cardiovascular (6.9% vs. 5.8%) and musculoskeletal (15.1% vs. 13.7%) disorders. Multivariate logistic regression for the total sample revealed a positive association between precarious work and poor health. The odds ratios were 2.36 (CI: 1.50-3.73) for mental health 1.37 (CI: 0.87-2.17) for cardiovascular, and 1.04 (CI: 0.76-1.43) for musculoskeletal disorders. The association was significant only for mental health disorders. The results by gender revealed a higher risk of mental health disorders for women in precarious work (OR=3.41, CI: 1.43-7.82) vs. men (OR=2.99, CI: 1.33-6.74). Men in precarious work had a positive association for cardio-vascular disorders (OR=1.84, CI: 1.03-3.29), and women a negative one (OR=0.88, CI: 0.40-1.95).

Conclusion: Our study revealed an association between precarious work and poor health. For mental health, this association was significant for both genders, but particularly so for women. Cardiovascular disorders were positively significantly associated only for men.