Chen Xin-Mei, Zhou Chang-Zheng and Zhang Xiao-Ping
More than 40 kinds of ginsenosides have already been isolated from white or red ginseng. Recent years, a great interest has been focused on the effects of a single ginsenoside, ginsenoside Rg3, which is a minor ginsenoside in panax ginseng and is reported showing various medicinal effects. Ginsenoside Rg3 is now one of the most popular research projects of the world, and it provides a good material to overcome cancer. According to the reports of literature, this article summarized the origin, characterization, pharmacological activities, metabolism and the pharmacokinetic studies of ginsenoside Rg3. The brief summary on the progress of the research will provide the basis for the further development and utilization.