प्रजनन प्रणाली और यौन विकार: वर्तमान शोध

प्रजनन प्रणाली और यौन विकार: वर्तमान शोध
खुला एक्सेस

आईएसएसएन: 2161-038X


Maternity Waiting Home Utilization and Associated Factors among Women who Gave Birth in the Digelu and Tijo District of the Arsi Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Derese Teshome, Muluemebet Abera, Mamo Nigatu

Background: Maternity Waiting Homes (MWHs) is an intervention designed to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality. Ethiopia has introduced the intervention before three decades; however, its utilization is very low. Therefore, this study is aimed to assess MWH utilization and associated factors among women who gave birth in the last 12 months in Digelu and Tijo district Arsi Zone Oromia Region, Ethiopia.

Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in April 2019 on 530 randomly selected women. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and logistics regressions were used to analyse the results. Adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were respectively calculated to measure strength of association and its statistical significance. The confidence interval was used to declare statistical significance in the final model.

Results: One hundred twenty-five (23.6%) of the respondents used maternity waiting home. Traveling time less than and equals to 60 minutes from a nearby health facility (AOR=0.16, 95% CI: 0.09, 0.27), women’s decision power (AOR=1.81, 95% CI: 1.10, 2.96), not utilizing antenatal care (AOR=0.6, 95% CI: 0.37, 0.97) and delivering more than three children (AOR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.34, 0.90) were independently associated with utilizing the maternity waiting home.

Conclusion: Even though the MWH was designed to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality, less than a quarter (23.6%) of women delivered in the last 12 months before the study in the Digelu and Tijo District had utilized the services. Increasing availability of the service, promoting antenatal care utilization, empowering women and evolving policy makers are recommended to enhance the current low utilization of the MWH.