समुद्र विज्ञान और समुद्री अनुसंधान जर्नल

समुद्र विज्ञान और समुद्री अनुसंधान जर्नल
खुला एक्सेस

आईएसएसएन: 2572-3103


Environmental Research and Geochemical Evaluation of Recent Bottom Sea Sediments North and North –East of Lesvos Island, Greece

Kelepertsis A, Andreas Andrinopoulos

An environmental and geochemical investigation of 33 surficial sediments of the continental shelf north and north east of Lesvos Island Greece was undertaken to study the mineralogy and geochemistry of the sediments and understand the distribution and sources of various major and trace elements. Texturally all the sediments contain high amounts of mud and clay indicating a uniform facies at depths between 30m - 300m. The sediments are a mixture of terrigenous components (albite, K-feldspar, muscovite, quartz, illite, amphibole and biogenic components (calcite, Mgcalcite, aragonite). Pyrite and glauconite are ascribed to diagenesis. There are four distinctive groups of elements each of which includes related elements, derived from different natural sources on land or in the marine basin. The first group (Ca, Sr) reflects the biogenous carbonate fraction and is negatively correlated against every other element determined. A second (Si, Al, Fe, Na, K, Ti, Ba and Zr) group reflects the aluminosilicate minerals derived from the alteration of volcanic rocks, and a third group (Mg, Ni, Cr, C and Zn) reflects the aluminosilicate minerals derived from the alteration of ultrabasic rocks (peridotites) and the organic carbon. The group of Fe, Mn, Zn and Y is a diagenetic association reflecting the distribution of these elements with pyrite. The association of Cu with Zn reflects a mineralization control in the sediment area. Finally, La and Ce are associated with the K-bearing minerals, while P is related to K and Fe-finegrained minerals. The concentrations of heavy metals in the sediments are normal comparing to the contents of other AEGEAN SEA sediments and are due to natural lithogenic sources.